So what can be done to redress these faults? First, although it was admirable for the United Nations to bootstrap the IGF into existence, it now needs to let go. The Advisory Council should from now on be appointed by a multi-stakeholder Nominations Committee which any interested member of the IGF may join, subject only to broad parity in representation between stakeholder groups and regions. This will allow the Advisory Council to be smaller, and it is also imperative that if it is to build legitimacy, its operations should be transparent which means a publicly archived mailing list and no more closed-door meetings.
As for the format of IGF meetings, it is vital that decision-making be better facilitated. There may come a time when the IGF will want to draft codes of practice or other soft law instruments, and in its present form that is not possible. So as in the IETF, a successful workshop should be a prelude to the formation of a Working Group specialising in a particular issue area. Applications for the formation or dissolution of Working Groups should go to the Advisory Council, and be ratified by a meeting of the IGF. The output of a working group should also be ratified by the IGF in order to attain a formal status.